In the meat industry, it’s common practice to turn the whole animal into food products. In the fish industry, over half of the weight of the fish ends up as side-streams which never reach our plates. This takes a toll on the environment and is out of step with Swedish food and fisheries strategies. Now, food researchers at Chalmers are introducing a new sorting technology that means we get five good cuts from fish and not just the filet. A herring processing plant on Sweden’s west coast is already implementing the new method.
When the file itself is removed from a fish, valuable side-streams remain, which can be turned into products such as nuggets, mince, protein isolates or omega-3-rich oils. Despite such great potential, these products leave the food chain to become animal feed or, worst case, get discarded. To exploit valuable nutrients and switch to more sustainable procedures, the way we process fish needs to change.
All cuts are treated with care
“With our new sorting method, the whole fish is treated with the same care as the filet. The focus is on preserving quality throughout the entire value chain instead of putting the various side-streams into a single bin to become by-products, they are handled separately, just like in the meat industry,” says research leader Ingrid Undeland, Professor of Food Science at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering at Chalmers.
The research was conducted as part of an international project called Waseabi. The Chalmers researchers recently published their results in the scientific journal, Food Chemistry.
“Our study shows that this type of sorting technology is important, particularly as it means we can avoid highly perishable side-stream cuts being mixed in with the more stable cuts. This new method brings fresh opportunities to produce high-quality food,” says Chalmers researcher Haizhou Wu, first author of the scientific article.
‘The interest is there’
The new sorting method for separating the five different cuts is being introduced at one of the partner companies in the research project. Fish processing company, Sweden Pelagic in Elös on the island of Orust is already using parts of the method in its production and has had good results.
“The sorting technology gives us many more opportunities to develop healthy, new and tasty foods and to expand our product range. This year, we estimate we’ll produce around 200-300 tons of mince from one of the new cuts and we aim to increase that figure year on year food industry and public meal production segments like school catering,” says Martin Kuhlin, CEO of Sweden Pelagic.
Haizhou Wu et al, Lipid oxidation in sorted herring (Clupea harengus) filleting co-products from two seasons and its relationship to composition, Food Chemistry (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.131523
Chalmers University of Technology
Citation: New technology turns the whole fish into food (2022, June 28) retrieved 28 June 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-06-technology-fish-food.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.